Till 1911, Kolikata re-named as Calcutta by British-occupiers used to be the national capital. When Bengal was divided in 1905, there was a mass upsurge against the division and the situation appeared to be revolting out of control of British-occupiers. As a measure of gimmickry, they declared Dilli as the national capital only to diffuse the tension to some extent. Also, they decided to invite the then King of England George V to visit Bharata  on a goodwill mission and directed Ravindranath Tagore to compose a poetic eulogy in his honour. 

During those decades, Tagore’s family used to be in close proximity to British being in awe of their superficial mannerism and etiquette. Several Tagore’s family members were employed with East India Company with elder brother Avanindranath Tagore being Director (Calcutta Division) of the Company. His family had invested a fortune in the Company and their stakes in Company’s success as well as well-being were very high. Ravindranath Tagore himself was abundantly sympathetic towards British-occupiers. Owing to his close links and sentiments for British-occupiers, Tagore complied with and composed the song Jan Gan Man Adhinayak Jai Hey. Every word of the song was dedicated to George V and British-occupiers of the country in their honour – 

We, the people of Bharata, adore you as Master of our destiny,

O The Great Provider ! You preside over destiny of Bharata,

Victory to you, victory be of you,

Panjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maratha, Dravid, Utkal,

Ganga, Yamuna and all rivers are exhilarated by your visit,

We wake up with your name,

We solicit blessings in your name,

We all sing your paeans alone,

O Master of Bharata’s destiny ! May victory be your’s. 

The poetic tribute was chorused in honour of King George V though he could not comprehend it then owing to the language barrier. However, he carried it to England on his return and went through it’s English version in a contemplative mood. He was abundantly thrilled in joy as he went through the English version and blurted out spontaneously, he had never been so admired, so adored ever before even in his own country England !! He immediately ordered, whosoever had composed that poetic rendition in his honour, must be invited to England. So embarked upon the voyage to western shores Ravindranath Tagore, composer of the poem in honour of King George V. 

British monarch happened to be Chairman of the Nobel Award Committee too and he duly offered to confer upon the award on Tagore which he promptly declined as MK Gandhi had earlier severely reprimanded him for the composition in King’s honour. Tagore in turn propositioned the monarch to confer the award upon him for his another creation titled Geetanjali and the word may be allowed to disperse all around, the award was meant for Geetanjali alone and not for the poetic rendition in King’s honour as it would have been acutely embarrassing for him back home in Bharata. King George V conceded the proposition and Ravindranath Tagore was thus conferred upon Nobel Prize in literature for the year 1913. 

Tagore’s adoration and admiration for British-occupiers of the country was disrupted only in 1919 when a genocide was brutally enacted by British-occupiers wherein unarmed men, women and children were fired upon without prior warning, without allowing any escape route leading to hundreds of casualties. MK Gandhi visited Ravindranath Tagore in Kolikata thereafter and severely scolded him again for being so chivalrous. Tagore now thoroughly awakened, registered his vociferous protestations and returned the Nobel Prize to British regime. After that, Tagore never wrote even a single word acclaiming British-occupiers. He also wrote to his kin in London, an ICS official Surendranath Bannerjee, confessing and sharing his penitent thoughts pensively and requested him to disclose contents of the letter only after his demise. Accordingly in difference to his wish, SN Bannerjee rendered contents of the letter public and requested the country not to patronise Jan, Gan, Man on any occasion whatsoever on his behalf after Tagore’s demise on August 7, 1941. 

Indian National Congress (INC) was riddled with internal dissensions of groupism with one group led by Lokmanya Tilaka while the other by Motilal Nehru. Real bone of contention pertained to government formation after independence was attained. Anti-Hindu / pro-British to the core, Motilal Nehru desired to craft a coalition government with British-occupiers to rule over the country in liberated Bharata !! On the contrary, Lokmanya Tilaka brooked no compromise on principles of independence and sovereignty of the nation. Primarily owing to this reason, Lokmanya quit INC and founded Garam Dal. INC too, underwent factionalism of hardliners and soft-peddlers. Hardliners were of revolutionary disposition, used to sing Vande Mataram  while the other group led by Motilal Nehru were always supportive of British-occupiers keen to compromise with them on every issue. As British-occupiers always scorned Vande Mataram, members of Garam Dal made it a point to sing it in their presence. At the instance of British-occupiers, Motilal Nehru faction floated the malicious idea that Muslims must not sing Vande Mataram  as it includes idol-worship. By that time Muslim League had come into existence under the leadership of MA Jinnah and they too, began protesting against Vande Mataram instigated by British-occupiers.  

When Constituent Assembly visited the contentious issue of national anthem, 318 out of 319 members were in favour of Vande Mataram  being adopted. The lone dissenter was Jawaharlal Nehru !! His ludicrous argument was to the effect that the poetic rendition hurt religious sentiments of Muslims !! That too, after Partition-Holocaust. To resolve the impasse, they solicited MK Gandhi’s advice who suggested Vijayi Vishva Tiranga Pyara, Jhanda Uncha Rahe Hamara. That too, was rejected outright by JL Nehru on the ground that it was impossible to play that on orchestra while Jan, Gan, Man could be very well !! As chorus in favour of Vande Mataram  refused to subside, quite deviously Nehru postponed the issue for an opportune moment. And the aspirational moment arrived when MK Gandhi was assassinated. JL Nehru unilaterally announced Jan, Gan, Man to be the national anthem immediately thereafter. It was one more decision adopted by JL Nehru blatantly anti-Bharata  and anti-Hindu as any action / decision that hurt British-occupiers / Muslims, deeply hurt Nehru too. Long ago, BBC had conducted a survey among Bharatiya-s all over the world to assess extent of popularity of Vande Mataram. Results were amazing as 99% Bharatiya-s dispersed all over the world opted and voted in favour of Vande Mataram.  

Melodious song of patriotism i.e. Vande Mataram  that fired spirit of freedom in million hearts and Souls across Bharata, is now mired in unsavory controversy as Muslims refuse to accept it as national song though it was sung in AICC Plenary-1896 in Kolikata under Presidentship of Rahamatulla Ahmed Sayani; Hindu-s and Muslims used to sing it on roads in Kolikata protesting against division of Bengal in 1905 that compelled Viceroy Curzon to reverse it in 1911; it was sung by Sarojini Naidu before commencement of first session of Constituent Assembly in 1948 and lastly, first conference of Education Ministers held in 1952 chaired by Maulana Azad was inaugurated with recitation of Saraswati Vandana  and concluded with Vande Mataram. Controversy sprang into being only after the term ‘Secularism’ was forced into Preamble of the Constitution in 1976 under the spell of Emergency by dictatorial Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and harvested it for political mileage uninterruptedly since then.

Now it is upto you to decide, which one you wish to sing in a chorus as a measure of national anthem, with or without orchestra !!!!!                  





In this case, I support SC judgement though they have botched up the sensitive issue inviting the tide of perception turning against them. It is a rare occasion, majority judgement is on the right track while Justice Indu Malhotra in a wrong direction.  

Every Mandira  is an institution in itself, may or may not be with an exclusive objective, with the presiding deity a living entity having undergone elaborately laid out Vedic PranaPratistha. Those who raised these ancient institutions of Mandira-s, were enlightened enough to frame set of rules and practices to be pursued with respect to every such Mandira  in question as well as explained all that to the local populace to their satisfaction who followed that religiously transcending generations. Over decades and centuries, all such ordainments are generally neglected progressively, devotees turn ignorant towards those sacrosanct canons of conduct so much so that after a considerable lapse ot time, these begin to appear irrational, superstitious or even absurd. In majority of such instances, Purohita-s and Tantri-s associated with the institution of Mandira, do not periodically undertake inevitable imperative of renewal and revision of ordainments under changing circumstances. Coupled with ignorance caused by refusal to educate / re-educate masses about that, it hurtles towards an explosive situation like the one witnessed in Sri Ayappa Swami Mandira  at Sabarimala  in Keralam. When Hindu-s refuse to unite and stand up to undertake reform measures, non Hindu-s lap up the opportunity not only to intervene but also play dirty games including proselytization. After all, how many Mahanta-s / Purohita-s / Jagadguru-s / Pithadhisvara-s / Mahamandalesvara-s / Samkaracarya-s sat on Fast-Unto-Death and sacrificed their lives for the abolition of the social evil of Sati  centuries ago ?? How many Panda-s / Pujari-s of Kalighat Mandira  in Kolikata have guts to fight for ban on animal slaughter in the so-called hallowed precincts of the Mandira  ?   

That is precisely what has happened at Sabarimala. The ancient Mandira  in question does not allow women in the age group of 10-50 years, regarded as reproductive phase in woman’s life purportedly their being susceptible to undesirable / harmful influence over them in hallowed precincts of the shrine. Since the exact cause is known to none or nobody cared to study and explain all that in public domain, the conduct rule started appearing anti-women or gender-biased with passage of time. Purohita-s and Tantri-s of the Mandira  expected everyone to blindly accept those ordainments which is quite a tall order if not impossible to enforce. As anti-Hindu  brand of anti-nationalism is now at it’s peak with so many herds of traitors vying to grab power at the Centre at any cost to plunder, convert and destroy the nation, some of them in the guise of justice and fair-play petitioned Supreme Court to intervene and ensure ‘justice’ in favour of women. As nation has been observing in cases over cases, Higher Judiciary views the nation through reading-glasses provided by the Buckingham Palace completely divorced from realities of Sanatana Dharma  and Bharatavarsa. As Justices are educated in law in the prevailing toxic aura of ‘Lord’ McCaulay, they are trigger-happy rationalists to the extent of being ludicrous while formulating judgements at the expense of nation’s sentiments. In this case of Sabarimala  too, the judgement is rational and intelligent but not at all wise, least of all visionary. Instead of passing an order in the form of a judgement, they should have issued an advisory in the spirit of Justice Indu Malhotra’s pronouncement. Supreme Court ought to have advised Sabarimala  Board to review, re-formulate all rules and regulations in consultation with all stakeholders as well as explain the entire rationality behind those to all in as much details as possible so as to win confidence, trust of as many devotees as possible may be including fence-sitters too. Court should have counselled the Shrine Board to be as liberal and accommodative as possible while recasting Mandira  entry rules for the satisfaction and benediction of all.   

MandiraDarsana  rules are situational / circumstantial at best, neither BrahmaVakya  i.e. Commandment from the Absolute nor AkhandaSatya  i.e. Absolute Truth of Sanatana Dharma. With passage of time, we must change, we must not resist change / improvements. If we do not, then we are hypocrits and forfeit the prerogative to condemn Islamists for being murderously fanatical destroying the country. Supreme Court must have advised the Shrine Board on an ad hoc basis to begin with –  

Allow all Hindu  women of all age-groups unhindered entry / Darsana  in every Mandira  after due diligence of hygiene for which elaborate rules may be framed.  

If a particular section is bound to be prohibited or restricted, logical reasons with facts must be announced openly. Nobody should be allowed to have any question pertaining to entry-rules unanswered in his / her mind. 

Entry inside GarbhaGrha  may be restricted by Tantri-s based on rules framed by them not open to questioning by devotees or courts.   

Darsana  may be arranged for desirous ones from a distance after due diligence irrespective of any pre-condition.  

With these guidelines, Mandira  may continue being visited by anyone without any possibility of friction or attrition. In such a situation, the judgement would be celebrated and welcomed. Rules and regulations in every Mandira  must be formulated after due deliberations with all stakeholders and open to be questioned and reformed from time to time by any stakeholder.


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Moksa  is ultimate emancipation from the cycle of embodiment and dis-embodiment alternately or in simple words, births and deaths. Attainment of Moksa  marks liberation from the tenacious grip of Maya, being in absolute command of one’s own ultimate existence and one’s absolute identity established with finality. 

For those who have faith in the institution of Moksa, ought to know that Moksa  is attained only when following pre-conditions are honoured to be absolutely devoid of encumbrances of any hue whatsoever  – 

Entire spectrum of Rna-s i.e. indebtedness to anyone, must have been retired to the benefactor’s satisfaction. Three orders of Rna-s i.e. PitraRna, DevaRna  and RsiRna  must be retired satisfactorily to be eligible to attain Moksa. Seeker of Moksa  is strictly not allowed to carry any Rna  whatsoever from anyone before being eligible to attain Moksa.  

Entire bouquet of Karma-s of all past and current lives matured to deliver rewards i.e. Prarabdha, is completely dissolved through redemption by undergoing proceeds of Prarabdha  without accumulating any new Karma  afresh while undergoing those proceeds. 

Entire bouquet of Karma-s of all past and present lives yet to mature to deliver proceeds i.e. Sancita Karma-s, can be dissolved by undergoing Tapa  of various orders and intensities. 

All vanities, venalities and infirmities viz. Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha  and Ahamkara  must be subdued decisively and irrevocably. 

Quite naturally, next question that raises it’s head is, how to satisfy all these pre-conditions to be absolutely liberated from all sorts of encumbrances before being eligible to attain Moksa.

First pre-condition of Rna-s is complied with by retiring all liabilities and debts to the satisfaction of lenders. PitraRna  i.e. indebtedness to ancestors, is retired through rituals of Tarpana, Sraddha, PindaDana  etc. DevaRna  i.e. indebtedness to Deva-s is retired by undertaking Yajna-s as prescribed in Veda-s. Lastly, RsiRna  i.e. indebtedness to Rsi-s and Muni-s is retired by studying, propagating knowledge enshrined in scriptures, by observing continence on Parva-s i.e. auspicious days, following prescribed rituals etc. No obligation whatsoever be allowed to go unredeemed or neglected.

Second pre-condition of redemption of Prarabdha  must be undertaken strictly in the spirit of Niskama Karma  i.e. proceeds may be accepted absolutely dispassionately being a detached stoic. Any sense of affinity for proceeds of Prarabdha  or related Karma-s would instantly engender another Karma  afresh to be redeemed later. Such proceeds must be shared widest possible entirely bereft of even a trace of any expectation whatsoever from anyone.  

Third pre-condition of dissolution of Sancita Karma  may be attained through Tapa  i.e. ascetic pursuits alone. Numerous manifests of Tapa  have been narrated in scriptures and the best guide to direct to the most appropriate path is one’s Guru. An enlightened Guru  who can perceive one’s Sancita Karma-s through his extra-ordinary divine accomplishments will suggest the best pursuit of Tapa  essential for dissolution of one’s Sancita Karma. Without guidance of an enlightened Guru, it is impossible to be relieved of one’s Sancita Karma 

Fourth pre-condition of assuring all infirmities viz. Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha  and Ahamkara  are subdued effectively or dissolved completely ONLY by practising YogaDarsana  of Maharsi Patanjali. Let us scrutinise what precisely he has prescribed for the avowed objective – 

The YogaDarsana  has 8 constituents to be rigorously pursued in order to be liberated from all venalities and vanities in the section of Sadhanapada  i.e. 

Yamaniyamasanapranayampratyaharadharanadhyanasamadhyoasta Vangani  I (II/29)

Yama (Restraint), Niyama (Observance), Asana (Resolute posture), Pranayama (Regulation of breath), Pratyahara (Withholding of senses), Dharana (Fixity of mind), Dhyana (Meditation) and Samadhi (Perfect concentration) are the eight means of attaining Yoga. 

Eight constituents are being introduced briefly as under – 

Ahimsasatyasteyabrahmacaryaparigrha Yamah  I (II/30)

Ahimsa (Non-injury), Satya (Truth), Asteya (Abstention from stealing), Brahamacarya (Continence) and Aparigraha (Abstinence from avariciousness) are the five Yama-s. 

Saucasantosatapah Svadhyayesvarapranidhanani Niyamah  I (II/32)

Sauca (Cleanliness), Santosa (Contentment), Tapa (Austerity of mental & physical discipline), Svadhyaya (Study of scriptures and Japa) and Isvarapranidhana (Devotion to the Supreme) are the Niyama-s. 

Sthirasukhamasanam  I (II/46)

Motionless and agreeable form of staying in the posture. 

Tasmin Sati Svasprasvasyorgativicchedah Pranayamah  I (II/49)

Asana  having been perfected, regulation of the flow of inhalation and exhalation is Pranayama. 

Svavisayasamprayoge Cittasya Svarupanukar Ivendriyanam Pratyaharah  I (II/54)

When separated from their corresponding objects, organs follow, as it were, nature of the mind, that is called Pratyahara (restraining of organs). 

Desbandhaschittasya Dharana  I (III/1)

Dharana  is the mind’s fixation on a particular point in space. 

Tatta Pratyayaiktanata Dhyanam  I (III/2)

In that Dharana, continuous flow of similar mental modifications is called Dhyana (meditation). 

Tadevarthamatranirbhasam Svarupasunyamiva Samadhih  I (III/3)

When the object of meditation only shines forth in the mind as though devoid of the thought of even the self (who is meditating), that state is called Samadhi  or concentration. 

The moment one succeeds in satisfying all aforesaid pre-conditions, births and deaths become meaningless and (s)he is entirely at liberty to be born in any manifest of life on any Planet or decline to be born at all. (S)he is thereafter universal and eternal in existence. And that alone is the real state of our existence.  

This eight-fold endeavour to attain ultimate liberation is complete and perfect in itself. It has taken care of all the possible repurcussions and ramifications that one may encounter during it’s pursuit. The real marvel of Astangayoga  lies in it’s complete and absolute objectivity, based on unedited and unadulterated cosmic realities. I venture to emphasise again, there is absolutely no trace of any subjective element whatsoever, in it’s entire philosophy. So much so that even a Muslim-fanatic may dub it as Allah-Yoga  or a diehard Faith-Harvester Christian-Benedict as Christ / Jesus-Yoga !!! If someone’s take happens to be that some Sufi fellow with the name Jalaluddin Rumi attained salvation by traversing the path of Islam, my rejoinder would be that even while practising five Namaz a day, Rumi could not have ignored elements of Astangayoga  i.e. Yama, Niyama…etc. He had to practise these, even in the name of Islam if he really attained Moksa  !!! Religions are merely spring-boards to higher state of existence. Ultimate salvation is altogether a different proposition which no other religion can attain. Ardent pursuit of even Hinduism  as a mere religion cannot lead anyone to Moksa, leave alone Islam or Christianity. Religion is a means to a higher state of existence while Astangayoga  is the highest means to the highest state of existence.  Even so-called most intelligent man of 20th Century, Albert Einstein practised Astangayoga  to open up innumerable locks in his brain whose keys were irretrievably lost into his ocean of ignorance.  

A mountaineer intending to arrive at Mount Everest may come from any corner of the world yet he shall have to report at the Base-Camp before embarking on the heroism of summiteering. Cosmic journey from the base-camp to the summit constitutes Astangayoga  wherein the base-camp is ‘Yama‘ while the summit is ‘Samadhi‘. Journeys from various corners of the world to the base-camp are indeed, sects i.e. Islam, Christianity, Judaism, so on and so forth. As entanglement with the gross world is multi-pronged and multifarious, equally compatible spiritual regime is essential to combat the entanglement at the same level. Mysticism of Astangayoga  lies in it’s absolute neutrality towards all faiths because mere pursuit of faith adds to entanglement with the gross i.e. MayaAstangayoga  is amply competent to dissolve the drag caused by pursuit of faiths. Owing to it’s absolute objectivity and pristine purity, Astangayoga  is Param-Satya Yoga  as well as Param-Brahma Yoga, too. 

Ostensibly, Sanatana Dharma  alone constitutes core of Mula Svabhava  i.e. human disposition. In other words, tenets of Sanatana Dharma  are fundamentals of entire human conduct. May be sooner than later, entire humanity will have to have to inevitably revert to Sanatana Dharma  for their own benediction. There is no other faith / pursuit in any corner of Planet Earth so comprehensive, so deep-rooted, all encompassing and complete in all respects to lead to the highest state of existence i.e. Moksa. It is impossible to attain Moksa  without practising Sanatana  Hinduism. All those who attained Moksa  so far, pursued Sanatana  route alone, advertently or inadvertently.


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